Category Archives: Bible History

Eclipse Matcher Number Six!

Back in April, I posted this information:

Dating Jesus' Bar Mitzvah

Today, I’ve got an addendum that ties the April/Nisan matcher Passover of 13 CE with the Medjugorje Anniversary calendar via yet another double eclipse that shows the same pattern as the previous five pairs I’ve found:

  • The 1st century event can be matched to a significant event in Jesus’ First Coming.
    • The 21st century event falls on the Medjugorje Anniversary (i.e., 1982 years later).
  • The 1st and 21st century Hebrew and Common Calendars match each other.
    • The 1st century week day is the day before the 21st century week day.
  • The paths of the lunar eclipses are similar.
    • The 1st century path is to the west of the 21st century path.
  • The eclipses both land at the beginning of a major Jewish festival week.

0013 & 1995 The Bar Mitzvah Medjugorje eclipses

Click on graphic to embiggen for easier reading.

  • I’m going to look for a seventh pairing, because you know how God likes SEVENs!

Stuff you might need to know or just forgot:

“The FOURTH Blood Moon has a First Century matcher too!”
Contains a long, annotated list of sources and my previous blogs.
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/06/06/the-fourth-blood-moon-has-a-first-century-matcher-too/

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The FOURTH Blood Moon has a First Century matcher too!

In case you’ve lost track, this makes FIVE “Medjugorje Anniversary” eclipse events I’ve found so far. ALL FOUR of the TETRAD Blood Moons, plus the total solar eclipse that will occur between the second and third of them.  In all five cases, the 1st and 21st c. Common and Hebrew calendars match each other. Also, the paths of the 1st and 21st c. lunar eclipse pairs are very similar to one another.  The 1st c. solar eclipse was over the Southern Ocean; the 21st c. solar eclipse will be over the Norwegian Sea.  You can look all this stuff up for yourself at the links below.

Click on graphic to embiggen.

0033-2015_09 4th TETRAD eclipse calendar matchers

Sources and Background Reading:

“End Times: Signs in the Sky”
About the rare TETRAD and how the dates all match Jewish holy days
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/end-times-signs-in-the-sky/

“Mary has been appearing at Medjugorje for 33 years”
The first apparition at Medjugorje was on the 1982d anniversary of Jesus’ circumcision.
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/03/31/mary-has-been-appearing-at-medjugorje-for-33-years/

“TRIPLE Sky Sign on April 15, 2014”
About three ways the first of the TETRAD of Blood Moons is prophetic
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/09/triple-sky-sign-on-april-15-2014/

“April 2015: More on the Solar and Lunar Eclipses”
About the third Blood Moon in the TETRAD, the solar eclipse 2 weeks prior, Scripture and the calendar
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/11/april-2015-more-on-the-solar-and-lunar-eclipses/

“Why I spend so much time on sky signs”
Link to free viewing of “The Star of Bethlehem”
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/11/why-i-spend-so-much-time-on-sky-signs/

“Is Mary’s Medjugorje timeline related to Jesus’ First Coming?”
About what I mean by a “Medjugorje Anniversary”
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/20/is-marys-medjugorje-timeline-related-to-jesus-first-coming/

“Dating Jesus’ Bar Mitzvah”
Gaining insight into the Finding in the Temple incident
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/25/dating-jesus-bar-mitzvah/

“Dating the Medjugorje Anniversaries of Jesus’ Public Ministry”
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/dating-the-medjugorje-anniversaries-of-jesus-public-ministry/.

“April/Nisan Matchers”
About the rarity of April-Nisan matchers and why I bother with all this calendar and sky sign stuff
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/05/01/aprilnisan-matchers/

“The SECOND Blood Moon had a matcher too!”
About my discovery that the second Blood Moon in the current TETRAD has a Medjugorje matcher in Jesus’ time
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/05/02/the-second-blood-moon-had-a-matcher-too/

“March 2015 Solar Eclipse and Third TETRAD Blood Moon also have 33 CE matchers!”
About the Medjugorje matchers for the first three Blood Moons and the solar eclipse
https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/05/31/march-2015-solar-eclipse-and-third-tetrad-blood-moon-also-have-33-ce-matchers/

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Mary and the Number Five

Christians in the Middle East call the Hamsa (which means Hand and Five) the “Hand of Mary.”

Hamsa

There is a good reason for associating Mary with a Hand. Her response to God’s request that she bear His Son was, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord. May it be done to me according to your word.” (Luke 1:38)

In the Bible, the number FIVE is associated with:

Tabernacle: The construction of the house of the Ark of God in the wilderness was based on fives. There were five pillars at the end of the Holy Place. The pillars were five cubits apart and five cubits high. Etc. See Exodus 27.

Grace: First five books of the Bible. Five Levitical offerings (Leviticus 1-5). Jesus multiplied five loaves to feed 5,000 (Matthew 14:17).

Preparation: David took up five smooth stones before facing Goliath (1 Samuel 17:40). The five wise virgins were prepared (Matthew 25).

Just recompense: Thieves must repay five times the value of the oxen they steal (Exodus 22:1).

Reward: Benjamin was honored by Joseph with five times more food than his brothers (Genesis 43:34) and five sets of clothes (Genesis 45:22).

Mary fits each of these.

Mary carried the Son of God in her womb and in her heart. She truly is a Tabernacle, the Ark of the New Covenant.*

Mary is Full of Grace. “When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the infant leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth, filled with the holy Spirit, cried out in a loud voice and said, ‘Most blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb.'” (Luke 1:41-42)

We were prepared for Mary (Isaiah 7:14*) and the Angel Gabriel prepared Mary to conceive (Luke 1).

Just recompense: Where Adam and Christ reveal a parallel in salvation history, so too do Eve and Mary. Before tossing Adam and Eve out of the Garden, God said “to the woman … I will intensify your toil in childbearing” (Genesis 1:16). God also said to the snake, “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers” (Genesis 1:15). Mary was never just a uterine conduit to get Jesus into a human body or a Nanny to change his nappies and wipe his nose. She was, is and has always been an integral part of salvation history.

Reward: When the Angel Gabriel came to Mary, the first thing he said was, ““Hail, favored one! The Lord is with you” (Luke 1:28).

In the Protestant list of the Ten Commandments, the 5th is “Honor thy father and thy mother.”  When we accept Jesus as our Lord and Savior, we become children of God, brothers and sisters to Christ.  That makes God our heavenly Father and Mary our heavenly mother.  So again … Mary and the number Five.

Ten Commandments - Catholic v Protestant

This is the first time I’ve ever seen these two lists side-by-side.*  The two FIVEs put murder and parenting side-by-side.  I find that kind of goosebumpily significant, in regard both to Mary and Jesus and also to the grave sin of abortion.

*Read more about why Mary is the Ark of the New Covenant @ http://www.catholic.com/magazine/articles/mary-the-ark-of-the-new-covenant.
*Read more about the Isaiah 7:14 prophecy @ http://jewsforjesus.blogspot.com/2007/11/virgin-birth-messianic-prophecy-or.html.  Key point: The ancient rabbis who translated the Septuagint (a translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek) rendered the Hebrew word “almah” as “parthenos”, a Greek word which unequivocally means “virgin” — NOT as “young woman.”

*Read more about the Ten Commandments @ http://www.ewtn.com/expert/answers/ten_commandments.htm.

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Why did Jesus put spit on the blind man?

John 9 Jesus heals man born blind

Background: John 7

In my blog “The SECOND Blood Moon had a matcher too!” @ https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/05/02/the-second-blood-moon-had-a-matcher-too/, I explained the significance of what Jesus did on Tishri 21, 3793 HY, which was the seventh day of Sukkot in 32 CE.

The seventh day of Sukkot (Tishri 21) is known as the Great Day or Hoshana Rabba. Hoshana means SAVE US. On this day, the priests processed around the altar seven times, singing the Great Hoshana prayer. Then they poured living water over the altar with great pomp and ceremony. (“Living water” came from the spring-fed Pool of Siloam.)

John 7:37-38 says, “On the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood up and exclaimed, “Let anyone who thirsts come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as scripture says: ‘Rivers of living water will flow from within him.’”

In other words, after the priests had poured out the libation of living water and begged God seven times to “SAVE US”, Jesus stood up and claimed before everyone there that He was the source of the living water of eternal salvation. And Jesus’ Jewish name – Yeshua – means “HE SAVES.”

I was trying to impress on Dearest what radically blaspheming crazy-talk this was, but he didn’t get it until I put it into a Catholic context for him.

Imagine you’re at Mass and the priest raises the host high in the air and says, “This is my Body,” and some guy in the congregation jumps up and says, “That’s me! I’m the Body of Christ! Eat me! Eat me!”

Look. Jesus wasn’t some nice teacher who said some pretty words. He either was a dangerous whack job on the order of a Jimmy Jones or else He is the Messiah, sent by God to suffer and die for the salvation of sinners. There’s no middle ground. Seriously … would YOU give any credence to the preachings and teachings of some off-his-meds ranter who told you to eat him?

More Background: John 8

In my blog “What did Jesus write?” @ https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/05/03/what-did-jesus-write/, I explained about what happened the next day, when Jesus was confronted on Shemini Atzeret (Tishri 22) with the woman caught in adultery.

The very next thing John records is where Jesus tells the Pharisees, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life (John 8:12) and I am not alone, but it is I and the Father who sent me (John 8:16) and if you do not believe that I AM, you will die in your sins (John 8:24).

Then John says He told the Jews who believed in Him, If you remain in my word, you will truly be my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free (John 8:31ff).

Why did Jesus use spit on the blind man?

Shemini Atzeret (Tishri 22) was on Thursday that year. The subsequent teachings in John 8 could’ve occurred on Thursday and/or Friday. Then, the very next thing John writes about is how Jesus healed the man born blind ON THE SABBATH (John 9:14). The Sabbath following the incident with the woman caught in adultery was only TWO DAYS LATER.

Before my studies this week, the part where Jesus made clay with his own spit and put it on the blind man’s eyes just grossed me out. Now that I understand the whole context, I realize He had an extraordinarily beautiful message for us all in that act. Read this passage, remembering what I explained above, all of which the Jews would have been buzzing about on the day Jesus did this:

John 9 Healing blind man mosaic

As he passed by he saw a man blind from birth.

His disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”

Jesus answered, “Neither he nor his parents sinned; it is so that the works of God might be made visible through him. We have to do the works of the one who sent me while it is day. Night is coming when no one can work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”

When he had said this, he spat on the ground and made clay with the saliva, and smeared the clay on his eyes, and said to him, “Go wash in the Pool of Siloam” (which means Sent).

So he went and washed, and came back able to see.

(John 9:1-7)

Not to belabor the point, but YOIKS!

The Jews believed being born blind was the result of sin. For Jesus to heal a man born blind was equivalent to proving He not only had the power to heal, but that He also had the authority to forgive sins.

After the man washed, he could see; Jesus said He was the light of the world.

Jesus used His spit – the water of His mouth from whence come the words of truth and eternal life – to make mud from the dust on the ground. “For you are dust, and to dust you shall return” (Genesis 3:19).

Then He told the man to wash specifically in the Pool of Siloam, the pool from which the priests had drawn the living water for the great SAVE US prayer, which Jesus (whose name means HE SAVES) claimed He had come to answer.

Jesus said the Father had sent Him; Siloam means SENT.

Goosebumps!

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What did Jesus write?

John 8 starts with Jesus in the Temple, being confronted on Shemini Atzeret with the woman caught in adultery. It says that twice Jesus bent down and wrote on the ground with His finger, then all her accusers “went away one by one, beginning with the elders.”

Christ and the woman taken in adultery by Bruegel

I heard a homily once in which the priest speculated that Jesus wrote out some of the sins of the accusers in the dust on the ground. Yeah, maybe. But it was a crowd of people who ALL were embarrassed into skulking away, so maybe not.

I got thinking about this again the other day when I figured out that this event occurred on Shemini Atzeret. That is a day that God commanded be a Sabbath-level holy day of rest.

I couldn’t find any specific information about whether stoning someone to death was a permitted Sabbath activity. It hardly seems likely, given that the list of banned activities includes no “ending the life of a creature, whether through slaughter or any other method.”

Plus it was a violation of Roman law for the Jews to put anyone to death.

It seems significant both that Jesus wrote two times in the dust and that the elders were first to leave.

Breaking the religious law against work on a holy day and breaking the civil law against imposing capital punishment were two points that condemned the accusers of the woman.

It’s not like you can write much with your finger in dust. But “Shemini” and “Pilate” would have been enough. And the elders were most likely to catch on first, especially when Jesus said, “Let he who is without sin cast the first stone.”

So yeah … maybe that’s what He wrote.

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activities_prohibited_on_Shabbat

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The SECOND Blood Moon had a matcher too!

Yesterday, I wrote about the intriguing coincidence of dates, Jewish holidays and total lunar eclipses that showed up when I explored the idea that the first Blood Moon in Passover of April 2014 was on the Medjugorje anniversary of the middle Passover of Jesus’ public ministry. In particular, I found that in both cases, the April and Nisan dates matched exactly and there was a Blood Moon at the beginning of both Passovers. (See my blog “April/Nisan Matchers” @ https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/05/01/aprilnisan-matchers/.)

Today, I discovered that the second Blood Moon in Sukkot of October 2014 also has a Blood Moon matcher in the Sukkot of 32 CE. The events of Sukkot 32 CE are recounted in John 7-8; the Medjugorje anniversary of these events is Sukkot 2014 CE.

32 and 2014 Sukkot - John 7-8 and Medjugorje anniv

Note that the days/dates of the 1st c. Hebrew and Roman calendars match the days/dates of the 21st c. Hebrew and Roman calendars. E.g., Thursday, Tishri 1, was Thursday, Sept 25, in both centuries.

Note also that both centuries feature a Blood Moon occurring shortly before the beginning of the Festival of Sukkot and centering over the Pacific Ocean.

God commanded Moses on the Festival of Sukkot in Leviticus 23:34ff (excerpted here): “When you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall celebrate for a whole week. For SEVEN days you shall offer an oblation to the Lord. You shall dwell in booths for SEVEN days, that your descendants may realize that, when I led the Israelites out of the land of Egypt, I made them dwell in booths. The first and the eighth days shall be declared holy days, days of rest. On the eighth day you shall offer an oblation to the LORD. It is the festival closing.”

Sukkot

The events of Sukkot in 32 CE are recounted in John 7-8. The last two days are of particular interest.

Tishri 21 (Hoshana Rabba):

The seventh day of Sukkot is known as the Great Day or Hoshana Rabba. Hoshana means SAVE US. On this day, the priests processed around the altar seven times, singing the Great Hoshana prayer. Then they poured living water over the altar with great pomp and ceremony. (“Living water” came from the spring-fed Pool of Siloam.)

John 7:37-38 says, “On the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood up and exclaimed, “Let anyone who thirsts come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as scripture says: ‘Rivers of living water will flow from within him.’” In other words, after the priests had poured out the libation of living water and begged God seven times to “SAVE US”, Jesus stood up and claimed before everyone there that He was the source of the living water of eternal salvation.

Tishri 22 (Shemini Atzeret):

Shemini Atzeret is the mysterious eighth day of the seven day festival of Sukkot. During the seven days, 70 sacrifices were offered for the nations of the world, which symbolized the universalism of Sukkot. On Shemini Atzeret, only one sacrifice was offered, which symbolized the need of each person for personal forgiveness.

John 8:1-11 says it was on Shemini Atzeret that the scribes and Pharisees brought to Jesus a woman caught in adultery. When Jesus challenged those who had never sinned to cast the first stone, “they went away one by one, beginning with the elders. So he was left alone with the woman before him. Then Jesus straightened up and said to her, ‘Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you’ She replied, ‘No one, sir.’ Then Jesus said, ‘Neither do I condemn you. Go, [and] from now on do not sin any more.'”

To understand what I mean by “Medjugorje anniversary”, see my April 20, 2014 blog “Is Mary’s Medjugorje timeline related to Jesus’ First Coming?” @ https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/20/is-marys-medjugorje-timeline-related-to-jesus-first-coming/ and my April 30, 2014 blog “Dating the Medjugorje Anniversaries of Jesus’ Public Ministry” @ https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/dating-the-medjugorje-anniversaries-of-jesus-public-ministry/.

Sources:

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About the first Pentecost

The Holy Spirit descended on the disciples on the Festival of Shavu’ot in 33 CE.  Since Shavu’ot occurs 50 days after Passover, the Hellenistic Jews who spoke Greek as their first language called the feast Pentecost, which is Greek for fiftieth day.  Shavu’ot is the second of the three major Jewish festivals with both historical and agricultural significance. The first is Passover and the third is Sukkot.

  • Agriculturally, Shavu’ot commemorates the in-gathering of the first fruits of the wheat harvest.  (Passover commemorates the first in-gathering of the barley harvest and Sukkot commemorates the autumn in-gathering of all the fruits of the growing season.)
  • Historically, Shavu’ot celebrates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai.  In a sense, it is the birthday of the Jewish religion.  The Christian Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Holy Spirit in Jerusalem (Acts 2), is similarly the birthday of the Christian religionTorah is the first five books of the Old Testament – i.e., Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.  Christians usually call it the Pentateuch, which is Greek for five books.

The Pentateuch refers to Shavu’ot as the Festival of Weeks (Exodus 34:22, Deuteronomy 16:10), the Festival of Reaping (Exodus 23:16), and the Day of the First Fruits (Numbers 28:26).  It also says that Shavu’ot should always land on a Sunday.

You shall count for yourselves — from the day after the Shabbat, from the day when you bring the Omer of the waving — seven Shabbats, they shall be complete. Until the day after the seventh sabbath you shall count, fifty days… You shall convoke on this very day — there shall be a holy convocation for yourselves — you shall do no laborious work; it is an eternal decree in your dwelling places for your generations. – Leviticus 21:15-16, 21

I don’t know why, but the current Jewish practice does not use the Leviticus count; instead it starts the fifty days on the second day of Passover, which puts Shavu’ot on Sivan 6.  Maybe the change was in response to Christianity hijacking their holy day.  If that was the reason, it’s a major bit of irony, since the date of the day the Holy Spirit actually descended in 33 CE was Sivan 6.  God has a wicked sense of humor; I am reminded of Balaam’s ass and Jonah’s whale.

According to the Jew Faq website, “The book of Ruth is read at this time. Again, there are varying reasons given for this custom, and none seems to be definitive.”  For Jews, the reason for Ruth may be opaque; however, if you consider that God designated Shavu’ot to be the birthdays of both the Old Testament and New Testament churches, then the significant of Ruth becomes crystal clear.

The Book of Ruth tells the story of the Moabite (GENTILE) widow, Ruth, who committed herself to the Israelite people by an oath to her Jewish mother-in-law Naomi. Later, she married BOAZ OF BETHLEHEM with whom she had a son, Obed, who became the father of Jesse, who became the father of KING DAVID, who was an ancestor of JESUS THE MESSIAH. (Matthew 1:1-17)

The story of Shavu’ot 33 CE is recorded in Acts 2.  On this day, God opened up salvation to all – both Jew and Gentile – who would make a commitment to Jesus Christ.  This year, consider preparing for Pentecost Sunday by reading Leviticus 21, the Book of Ruth, Matthew 1 and Acts 2.  Then meditate on how the birthday of the Old and the New Covenants is on the same feast, Shavu’ot, which is also called the Festival of Reaping (Exodus 23:16), and Day of the First Fruits (Numbers 28:26).

2014 Easter Season - HY and CE

Click on graphic to embiggen for easier reading of eensy-weensy text.

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shavuot
http://www.jewfaq.org/holidayc.htm

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Dating Jesus’ Bar Mitzvah

Click on graphic to embiggen for easier reading.

Dating Jesus' Bar Mitzvah

The bar mitzvah ceremony that formally, publicly marks this event is a relatively modern innovation that is not mentioned in the Talmud. So, while Jesus automatically became a bar mitzvah when he turned 13, if there was any kind of occasion to mark the event, it was most likely a private family thing.

Sources:

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Is Mary’s Medjugorje timeline related to Jesus’ First Coming?

MAP Medjugorje

The other day I was meditating about Mary and how horrific it must have been for her to watch her Son suffer and die. Then the thought popped into my head to see if the dates of the Medjugorje apparitions bore any relation to Jesus’ First Coming.

According to my best estimation of the star charts in The Star of Bethlehem DVD, Jesus was born on Sivan 15, 3759 HY, making his Bris date Sivan 22. Counting back on the Common calendar, these dates were June 17 and June 24, 2 BC. 

BRIS: The Jewish ceremony of circumcision. Circumcision is performed on the eighth day of the child’s life, during the day. The day the child is born counts as the first day; thus if Jesus was born on a Tuesday, he would have been circumcised on the following Tuesday.

Jesus birth-bris-death-resur on H-C calendars

Coincidentally (or not), the date of Mary’s first appearance at Medjugorje – June 24th – is BOTH the anniversary of Jesus’ Bris and also the Feast of John the Baptist.

John the Baptist

The Blessed Virgin Mary has been appearing daily at Medjugorje since 1981. As you can see on this list, it is unprecedented for her to appear so often or for so long.

According to the site @ http://www.theotokos.org.uk/pages/appdisce/nineapps.html, there have been nine major approved Marian apparitions in modern times.

  • Guadalupe, Mexico: 4 times in 1531.
  • Paris, France: 3 times in 1830.
  • La Salette, France: 1 time in 1846.
  • Lourdes, France: 18 times in 1858.
  • Pontmain, France: 1 time in 1871.
  • Knock, Ireland: 1 time in 1879.
  • Fatima, Portugal: 6 times in 1917.
  • Beauraing, Belgium: 33 times in 1932-33.
  • Banneux, Belgium: 8 times in 1933.

The first time Mary appeared at Medjugorje was on the Feast of John the Baptist, June 24, 1981.  When I looked that date up on the Hebrew-Roman calendar, I was surprised to find it matched the date of Jesus’ Bris, Sivan 22.

1981 Medj start date matches Jesus birth-circ

It is not at all common for dates on the Hebrew calendar to line up like that.  I looked up June 24ths until my eyes got bleary.  In 20 years worth, not one was on Sivan 22.

So let’s just suppose the Medjugorje apparitions are recreating the years of the First Coming of Jesus Christ … say from first blood at Bris to last blood at Crucifixion.  The time span between the two dates is a few months shy of 34 years, which puts the Crucifixion anniversary on April 3, 2015 which will be one of the Easter seasons when the Roman and Hebrew calendars will match those of 33 CE.  (Orthodox Easter will be April 12, 2015.)

33 and 2015 match

And just to make it all even more eye-popping, that is also the month when we will have back-to-back total eclipses of both sun and moon, the solar eclipse will coincide with the end (Adar 29) and beginning (Nisan 1) of the Jewish ecclesiastical year while the lunar eclipse will coincide with the beginning of Passover. The lunar eclipse will be the third of the TETRAD of blood moons in 2014 and 2015.

Tetrad April 2015 - Solar and Lunar

Video of April 2, 2014 apparition to Mirjana
Apparition begins @ 13:21 and ends at 19:11

The public message Mirjana was given that day: “Dear children, with a motherly love I desire to help you for your life of prayer and penance to be a sincere attempt of drawing closer to my Son and His divine light – that you may know how to separate yourselves from sin. Every prayer, every Mass and every fasting is an attempt of drawing closer to my Son, a reminder of His glory and a refuge from sin – it is a way to a renewed union of the good Father and His children. Therefore, my dear children, with hearts open and full of love, cry out the name of the Heavenly Father that He may illuminate you with the Holy Spirit. Through the Holy Spirit you will become a spring of God’s love. All those who do not know my Son, all those thirsting for the love and peace of my Son, will drink from this spring. Thank you. Pray for your shepherds. I pray for them and I desire that they may always feel the blessing of my motherly hands and the support of my motherly heart.” http://www.medjugorjeusa.org/mirjanamessage.htm

Please note: This blog is a correction to my March 31, 2014 blog in which I got the dates wrong @ https://polination.wordpress.com/2014/03/31/mary-has-been-appearing-at-medjugorje-for-33-years/

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A Timeline for the Ministry of Jesus

I don’t know why I got all obsessy about this stuff, but I did, so here it is. 🙂  FYI: HY means Hebrew Year. CE means Christian Era.

3759 HY = Sivan 15 (June 17, 2 BC): Jesus’ birthday.

3787-3790 HY = Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry.

The NABRE footnote for Luke 3:1-3 puts the year John the Baptist began his ministry between 27 and 29 CE. We don’t know how long he had been at it when Jesus came to him, but he had gotten famous enough to draw crowds from all over and get the Powers That Be ticked off enough to have him arrested shortly after he baptized Jesus.

The Synoptic Gospels don’t give much in the way of dates, but the Gospel of John records specific holidays and uses words like “after this” to suggest this is likely a reliable chronology for the ministry of Jesus. In particular, John records three Passovers during Jesus’ ministry, one right after the wedding at Cana (John 2), one in the middle (John 6:4), and one at the end (John 12). In between, John mentions Pentecost, Sukkot and Hannukah. Here’s the timeline with chapter references:

  • Nisan: Jesus attended Passover in Jerusalem shortly after the wedding at Cana (John 2).
  • Sivan: Jesus went to Jerusalem for Pentecost (John 5).
  • Nisan: “Passover was near” but it appears He did not go to Jerusalem for the feast (John 6).
  • Tishri: Jesus went to Jerusalem for Sukkot (John 7).
  • Kislev: Jesus went to Jerusalem for Hannukah (John 10).
  • Nisan 3793: Jesus went to Jerusalem for Passover (John 12 – Crucifixion/Resurrection – April 33 CE).

We know the crucifixion was in Nisan 3793 (April 33 CE), so counting backwards gets us to Nisan 3791 (April 31 CE) as a best guess for the Passover after the wedding at Cana.

John 2 specifically says that the wedding at Cana was “on the third day” without giving any month. Then, right after the wedding, John says, “After this, he and his mother, [his] brothers, and his disciples went down to Capernaum and stayed there only a few days. Since the Passover of the Jews was near, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.”

Passover is in Nisan, which is the #1 month on the Jewish calendar (even though it falls in the middle of the number year). It looks to me like “on the third day” means “of the first month”, which puts the wedding on Nisan 3. This presents a small problem, since the calendar shows Nisan 3, 3791 being a Saturday. It is my understanding that Jews do not have weddings on the Sabbath, but no other year works very well.

Jesus’ ministry is usually said to have been about three years long, so 3790 could work, but it also has Nisan 3 on Saturday. 3789 (Tuesday) and 3792 (Thursday) work for the wedding, but 3789 is a year earlier than tradition says while 3792 doesn’t even allow time for the three Passovers John talks about.

Sabbath ends at sundown, so maybe the whole dinner and running out of wine thing happened Saturday night. It doesn’t really matter terribly much, so I’m going to go with 3791 HY.

The start of Jesus’ public ministry was when John baptized Him. To get to a possible date for that, we have to count back from the wedding. Putting clues from Matthew 3-4, Mark 1, Luke 3-4, and John 1 together, I get Jesus going to where John was baptizing people in the Jordan River, a little north of where it empties into the Dead Sea. After His Baptism, Jesus went into the desert for forty days and nights.

The Judean desert is between the Dead Sea and Jerusalem. Apparently there’s a watershed along the north-south ridge there; Jerusalem is on the west side, which gets the rain. The Mount of Olives is part of this ridge and to the east, between the ridge and the Dead Sea, is the Judean desert.

After the desert, Jesus went back to where John was baptizing then returned to Galilee, a trip that would take more than four days. All together, I’m thinking it’s a minimum of about seven weeks worth of recorded activities before the wedding at Cana, maybe more since they didn’t travel on Sabbath.

Since 3791 HY was a Jewish Leap Year, it had two months of Adar prior to the Nisan wedding. Counting back seven weeks gets us to early in Adar 1, 3791 HY (mid-February 31 CE). Jesus turned 32 in Sivan 3791 (June 31 CE). If my dates are accurate, He was 31 years old. Luke 3:23 says, “When Jesus began his ministry he was about thirty years of age.” Thirty-one is “about thirty” in my book, so voila! (Hey, don’t laugh. This took me THREE DAYS to work out!)

As for His total ministry, if we count from His Baptism (Ayar I 3791; February 31 CE) and go through to His Ascension (sometime before Pentecost on Sivan 6, 3793 HY; May 24, 33 CE), the length of time works out to about 27 months on the common calendar.

I’m thinking it’s a lot like the three days of Jesus Passion, Death and Resurrection.

He told the Jews, “Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.” Their Holy Thursday Seder would’ve started after sundown and lasted some hours. Then they went to the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus endured His agony and the disciples were too beat to keep their eyes open. I’m thinking that puts his arrest in the wee hours of Friday morning, after which he was interrogated and apparently condemned by the Sanhedrin around dawn when Peter’s famous cock crowed.

Then He was dragged before Pilate, who shipped Him off to Herod, who shipped Him back to Pilate, who had Him scourged. John says Pilate condemned Jesus to death at about noon on Friday (John 14:19), after which He was taken to Calvary. He was dead and entombed before sundown on Friday and had risen before dawn on Sunday (John 20:1). The Spring Equinox was on March 20, 33 CE, so we’re looking at pretty close to 6 am and 6 pm dawns and dusks. Arrest at … let’s call it 3 am on Friday to Resurrection shortly before 6 am on Sunday = 51 hours … ish.

If you insist that Jesus’ “three days” has to be close to 72 hours, then it doesn’t work. However, if allow anything between 48 and 72 hours, then 51 hours does just fine.

Similarly, if you insist that His “three year ministry” had to be close to 36 months, then it doesn’t work. However, if you allow anything between 24 and 36 months, then 27 months does just fine.

Sources:

Hebrew/Roman calendar is @ http://www.cgsf.org/dbeattie/calendar/.

Equinox date @ http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=352787.

“Straight line distance from Nazareth to Jerusalem appears to be about 63 miles. Walking distance would be more on the order of 68 miles. Average adult walking pace is about 4 mph, so the journey would need 17 hours or more. 4 mph is really hard to sustain for more than a few hours. On the Oregon Trail 15 miles per day was considered to be fantastic. That pace would require more than 4 days for the journey.”
https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080103223900AA8Cg5C

“We know that Jesus and his disciples would sit down to partake of the Passover meal after sundown because that is when the old day ends and the new day begins. I don’t know what time the sun sets in Israel at the end of March / beginning April but the Passover meal would not start till sundown. However long it took them to eat the meal, it would be very late in the evening – perhaps even close to midnight – when Jesus and his disciples went to the Mount of Olives/Gethsemane. Luke’s gospel informs us that after Jesus finished praying to his Father, he found his disciples asleep. After waking them, Jesus was arrested by the officers of the temple guard and the elders. After interrogating him at the house of the high priest, Peter denied Jesus three times as the cockerell crowed – dawn.” https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20121127025706AAnLIbe

N.b., I’ve been pondering the fact that AD stands for Anno Domini and properly belongs before the year number, while BC stands for Before Christ and goes after. That bugs me. I want them both after and they should be the same language, you know? I’ve decided I’m going to start using BC for Before Christ and CE for Christian Era. Non-Christians can use BCE and CE for Before/Common Era if they want. I’m a Christian and this is the convention I’ve decided to use.

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