Excerpted from “The Birth Of Cultural Marxism: How The ‘Frankfurt School’ Changed America” —
Georg Lukács was active in the Communist Party. In 1918, he became minister of culture in Bolshevik Hungary. During this time, Lukács realized that if the family unit and sexual morals were eroded, society could be broken down.
Lukács implemented a policy he titled “cultural terrorism,” which focused on these two objectives. A major part of the policy was to target children’s minds through lectures that encouraged them to deride and reject Christian ethics.
In these lectures, graphic sexual matter was presented to children, and they were taught about loose sexual conduct. People were outraged and Lukács fled Hungary when Romania invaded in 1919.
In 1923 in Frankfurt, Germany, Lukács met a young, wealthy Marxist named Felix Weil.
Until Lukács showed up, classical Marxist theory was based solely on the economic changes needed to overthrow class conflict. Weil was enthused by Lukács’ cultural angle on Marxism.
Weil’s interest led him to fund a new Marxist think tank—the Institute for Social Research. It would later come to be known as simply The Frankfurt School.
In 1930, the school changed course under new director Max Horkheimer. The team began mixing the ideas of Sigmund Freud with those of Marx, and cultural Marxism was born.
The new theory was that traditional Marxism had failed, because everyone in society was psychologically oppressed by the institutions of Western culture.
But it was a bad time and place to be a Jewish Marxist, as most of the school’s faculty was. So, the school moved to New York City where it was reborn in 1934 at Columbia University.
Its members began to exert their ideas on American culture, honing the tools it would use to destroy Western culture.
The school published a lot of material to popularize their ideas which they called Critical Theory. Basically, they figured if enough people criticized every pillar of Western culture – family, democracy, common law, freedom of speech, and others – they would crumble under the pressure and a new communist utopia could be born.
They split society into two main groups – oppressors and victims – arguing that history and reality were shaped by those groups who controlled traditional institutions. At the time, that was code for males of European descent.
From there, they argued that the social roles of men and women were due to gender differences defined by the “oppressors.” In other words, gender did not exist in reality but was merely a “social construct.” One book, The Authoritarian Personality, declared traditional American views on gender roles and sexual mores to be prejudice.
Another, Eros and Civilization, was very influential in shaping the sexual revolution of the 1970s. It argued that Western culture was inherently repressive because it gave up happiness for social progress. It called for “polymorphous perversity” (sexual pleasure outside the traditional norms).
The social movements of the 1960s—black power, feminism, gay rights, sexual liberation – provided a unique vehicle to release cultural Marxist ideas into the mainstream. Railing against all things “establishment,” The Frankfurt School’s ideals caught on like wildfire across American universities.
Repressive Tolerance, published in 1965, defined “tolerance” as accepting all ideas from the left and “intolerance” as accepting all ideas from the right. IOW, political correctness.